Ephorus

Epitome

Varro

Life Marcus Terentius Varro was born into a plebeian family of equestrian rank in 116 BCE near Reate (mod. Rieti). He studied grammar under L. Aelius Stilo—who also taught Cicero—and later studied in Athens under the Academic philosopher Antiochus of Ascalon. He led…

Tacitus

Life Publius Cornelius Tacitus was born in the middle of the 50s CE to an equestrian family. His exact location of birth is unknown, though it is likely he was from Gallia Narbonensis. Even his praenomen is conjecture, with Publius…

Vitruvius

Life Vitruvius Pollio was a Roman architect active in the first century BCE. Little is known about Vitruvius apart from what he says about himself in his writings. His praenomen is unknown, but his cognomen was attested by M. Cetius…

Juvenal

Life Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis (Eng. Juvenal) was the last great Roman satirist. Almost nothing of his life is known. There exists thirteen ancient biographies for him, but all are late, and the majority likely derive from a single one written in the…

Martial

Life Nearly everything we know about Marcus Valerius Martialis (Eng: Martial) comes from his very generous autobiographical statements, although as with any author, conflating the author with the narrator leads to tenuous results. Martial was born in Bilbilis (near the mod. Calatayud)…

Caecilius Statius

Life Caecilius Statius is a second-century writer of pallatiae, though beyond that, there are some problems concerning the traditions of his life. The fourth century chronicler Jerome lists his hometown as Mediolanum (mod. Milan) in Insubrian Gaul, turning him into a Celt. He adds…

Livy

Life Titus Livius, known to the English-speaking world as Livy, was born in Patavium (mod. Padua) in 59 BCE. Very little of his early life is known, though some things can be inferred. From his own writings, it is clear…

Vergil

Publius Vergilius Maro (Vergil or Virgil in English) was the greatest Latin poet of the Augustan Age, and has been countlessly compared to Homer for his masterpiece epic, the Aeneid. Life Vergil’s early life is still debated. He was born on 15 October…

Petronius

Life and Identity The identity of Petronius is an unsettled debate within scholarship. The name on the manuscripts is Petronius Arbiter. Some scholars connect this name to a certain Petronius whom Tacitus, Pliny, and Plutarch mention in connection with the court of…

Horace

Quintus Horatius Flaccus (Horace in English), was one of the leading poets of the Augustan Age. He is considered not only the finest of Latin lyric, but, along with Vergil and Ovid, among the greatest Roman poets. Life Horace was…