The Classical Journal

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Volume 1

  • No. 1 (Dec. 1905): 1–32
  • No. 2 (Jan. 1906): 33–64
  • No. 3 (Feb. 1906): 65–96
  • No. 4 (Mar. 1906): 97–128
  • No. 5 (Apr. 1906): 129–168
  • No. 6 (May 1906): 169–208
  • No. 7 (Jun. 1906): 209–252

CJ 112.2

The Classical Journal 112.2: Dec 2016–Jan 2017, pp. 129–256


  • Loukas Papadimitropoulos, “Sappho Fr. 16: Love and War” (129–138)

Abstract: The poem merges love and war. The mythical exemplum subtly alludes to the Trojan War and the gnome insinuates that what one loves collides with his better judgment, as it diverges from the feeling of safety desired by most people. These two parts clarify Sappho’s personal definition of beauty: love which transgresses social norms and is thus doomed to be only temporary has the capacity to carry away someone into wishes that they know are against the sense of sophrosyne; but that is precisely what gives life its special brightness, as there is no safety in the real world.

  • Valeria Sergueenkova and Felipe Rojas, “Asianics in Relief: Making Sense of Bronze and Iron Age Monuments in Classical Anatolia” (140–178)

This article argues that Bronze and Iron Age monuments in Anatolia were of intense interest to Greek historians and to the communities and individuals who lived in their vicinity. It focuses on two ancient historians’ discussions of pre-classical rock-cut reliefs to highlight the debates among ancient interpreters about the origins of such remains and their significance in local and universal history. Our analysis challenges Arnaldo Momigliano’s clear-cut distinction between antiquarianism and history, as well as Elias Bickerman’s influential notion that the only “prehistory” available to the Greeks and their neighbors was that imagined by the Greeks.

  • Thomas Rendall, “Succedoque Oneri: Shouldering Responsibility in the Aeneid (180–195)

The metaphor of shouldering responsibility for an action, good or bad, was current in Virgil’s Latin, and his Aeneid includes three key scenes which draw on this meaning, Aeneas’ shouldering of his father, his shouldering of the shield of Roman destiny and Turnus’ wearing Pallas’ sword belt over his shoulder. Further instances of the motif both reinforce and complicate its significance—Atlas bearing up the universe, Aeneas wearing Dido’s cloak, Camilla coveting Chloreus’ armor and Euryalus donning the plundered equipment of Rhamnes. The visual correspondences thus established reinforce the often noticed presence of verbal echoes between episodes of the Aeneid and also help explain the prominence Virgil gives to Pallas’ belt as the trigger for the abrupt and troubling conclusion of the poem by both linking and—more importantly—contrasting Aeneas and Turnus.

  • Timothy M. O’Sullivan, “Human and Asinine Postures in Apuleius’ Golden Ass (196–216)

This article examines the ways in which Apuleius’ Metamorphoses thematizes the contrast between the prone posture of the ass and the upright posture of the human. A long philosophical tradition, starting with Plato and Xenophon, argued that the human body was especially constructed for celestial contemplation, while the quadruped body was more suited for baser activities such as eating and sex. Physical posture thus becomes another way for Apuleius to emphasize the “unphilosophical” nature of Lucius-as-ass. Moreover, in Book 11, numerous references to celestial contemplation give the theme an ironic climax, as further hints that the conversion to Isis is not the final transformation encouraged by this novel, but merely another stage on the road to further insight.


  • Jeremy Hartnett, “Flavius Agricola: An Interdisciplinary Model for Senior Capstone Courses” (217–234)

This article describes and assesses a model for a Classics senior seminar that limits the course’s material to a single Roman funerary monument and its epitaph. Because the sculpture and verse inscription raise many diverse questions that students initially explore together, the class can embrace Classics’ inherent interdisciplinarity. Then, as students individually explore one facet of the funerary ensemble in a paper and collectively workshop their writing, the seminar reconciles a common tension of capstone courses: students pursue their own interests while the course remains coherent. In the end, starting with a narrow focal point, perhaps paradoxically, allows a broader and richer exploration of Classics’ many sub-fields.

  • James M. May, “Ovationes Anni Salutis MMXVI”


  • Review by James F. Johnson (238–240)

Review of Clifford Ando, Roman Social Imaginaires and Thought in Contexts of Empire. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015. ISBN 9781442650176.

  • Review by Rosa Andújar (240–242)

Review of C. W. Marshall, The Structure and Performance of Euripides’ Helen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. ISBN 97181107073753.

  • Review by Andreas Gavrielatos (245–244)

Review of Shadi Bartsch, Persius: A Study in Food, Philosophy, and the Figural. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2015.

  • Review by Jennifer Ferriss-Hill (245–248)

Review of Ida Östenberg, Simon Malmberg and Jonas Bjørnebye, The Moving City: Processions, Passages and Promenades in Ancient Rome. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015.

  • Review by Judith L. Sebesta (248–250)

Review of Roger S. Bagnall and Rafaella Cribiore, Women’s Letters from Ancient Egypt 300 BC – AD 800. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2015.

  • Review by Clayton Miles Lehmann (250–253)

Review of Thomas E. Jenkins, Antiquity Now: The Classical World in the Contemporary American Imagination. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. ISBN 9780521196260.

  • Review by Herbert W. Benario (254–256)

Review of Martin M. Winkler, Arminius the Liberator. Myth and Ideology. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. ISBN 9780190252915.

Bibliography: Pindar


Boeke, H. 2007. The Value of Victory in Pindar’s Odes: Gnomai, Cosmology and the Role of the Poet. Leiden.

Bowra, C. M. 1964. Pindar. Oxford.

Bundy, E. L. 1962. Studia Pindarica I and II. Berkeley.

Burnett, Anne Pippin 2005. Pindar’s Songs for Young Athletes of Aigina. Oxford.

Carey, Christopher 1991. “The Victory Ode in Performance: The Case for the Chorus.” CPh 86: 192–200.

Crotty, K. 1982. Song and Action: The Victory Odes of Pindar. Baltimore.

Currie, B. 2005. Pindar and the Cult of Heroes. Oxford.

Farnell, L. R. 1930–1932. The Works of Pindar. 2 voll. London.

Fränkel, Hermann. 1951. Dichtung und Philosophie des frühen Griechentums. New York.

Heath, Malcom & Mary Lefkowitz 1991. “Epinician Performance.” CPh 86: 173–191.

Hornblower, Simon 2004. Thucydides and Pindar: Historical Narrative and the World of Epinikian Poetry. Oxford.

Hornblower, S. & C. Morgan edd. 2007. Pindar’s Poetry, Patrons, and Festivals. Oxford.

Hubbard, T. K. 1985. The Pindaric Mind: A Study of Logical Structure in Early Greek Poetry. Leiden.

Hutchinson, G. O. 2001. Greek Lyric Poetry: A Commentary on Selected Larger Pieces. Oxford.

Köhnken, A. 1971. Die Funktion des Mythos bei Pindar. Berlin.

Kowalzig, B. 2007. Singing for the Gods: Performances of Myth and Ritual in Archaic and Classical Greece. Oxford.

Kurke, L. 1991. Traffic in Praise: Pindar and the Poetics of Social Economy. Berkeley.

Lee, H. M. 1978. “The ‘Historical’ Bundy and Encomiastic Relevance in Pindar.” CW 72: 65–70.

Lefkowitz, M. R. 1963. “The First Person in Pindar.” HSCPh 67: 177–253.

__________ 1976. The Victory Ode: An Introduction. Park Ridge.

Fitzgerald, W. 1987. Agonistic Poetry: The Pindaric Mode in Pindar, Horace, Hölderlin, and the English Ode. Berkeley.

Nagy, G. 1990. Pindar’s Homer: The Lyric Possession of an Epic Past. Baltimore.

Nicholson, N. 2000. “Pederastic Poets and Adult Patrons in Late Archaic Lyric.” CW 93.2: 235-259.

__________ 2005. Aristocracy and Athletics in Archaic and Classical Greece. Cambridge.

Nisetich, F. J. ed. 1980. Pindar’s Victory Songs. Baltimore.

Pellicia, H. N. 2009. “Simonides, Pindar, and Bacchylides,” in Budelmann ed. 2009: 240–262.

Budelmann, F. ed. 2009. The Cambridge Companion to Greek Lyric. Cambridge.

Pfeijffer, I. L. 1999. Three Aeginetan Odes of Pindar: A Commentary on Nemean V, Nemean III & Pythian VIII.  Leiden.

Race, W. H. 1986. Pindar. Boston.

__________ 1990. Style and Rhetoric in Pindar’s Odes. Atlanta.

Robbins, E. 1997. “Pindar,” in Gerber ed. 1997: 253–277.

Gerber, D. E. ed. 1997. A Companion to the Greek Lyric Poets. Leiden.

Verdenius, W. J. 1987. Commentaries on Pindar. Leiden.

Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Ulrich V. 1922. Pindaros. Berlin.

Young, D. C. 1964. “Pindaric Criticism.” Minnesota Review 4: 584–641.

Olympian Odes

Gerber, D. E. 1982. Pindar’s Olympian One: A Commentary. Toronto.

__________ 1984. “Pindar’s Olympian Four: A Commentary.” QUCC 54: 7–24.

__________ 2002. A Commentary on Pindar Olympian Nine. Stuttgart.

Gildersleeve, B. L. 1885. Pindar: The Olympian and Pythian odes. New York.

Köhnken, A. 1974. “Pindar as Innovator: Poseidon Hippios and the Relevance of the Pelops Story in Olympian 1.” CQ 24: 199–206.

Young, D. C. 1968. Three Odes of Pindar: A Literary Study of Pythian 2, Pythian 3, and Olympian 7.

Pythian Odes

Braswell, B. K. 1988. A Commentary on the Fourth Pythian Ode of Pindar. Berlin.

Finglass, P. J. ed. 2007. Pindar: Pythian Eleven. Cambridge.

Gildersleeve, B. L. 1885. Pindar: The Olympian and Pythian odes. New York.

Kirkwood, Gordon ed. 1982. Selections from Pindar. Chico, CA.

Liberman, Gauthier ed. & tr. 2004. Pindare: Pythiques. Paris.

Lloyd-Jones, H. 1973. “Modern Interpretation of Pindar: The Second Pythian and Seventh Nemean Ode.” JHS 93:109–137.

Most, G. W. 1985. Measures of Praise: Structure and Function in Pindar’s Second Pythian and Seventh Nemean Odes. Göttingen.

Segal, C. 1986. Pindar’s Mythmaking: The Fourth Pythian Ode. Princeton.

Young, D. C. 1968. Three Odes of Pindar: A Literary Study of Pythian 2, Pythian 3, and Olympian 7.

Isthmian Odes

Bury, J. B. 1892. The Isthmian Odes of Pindar. London.

Thummer, E. 1968–1969. Pindar: Die Isthmischen Gedichte. Heidelberg.

Young, D. C. 1971. Pindar Isthmian 7: Myth and Exempla. Leiden.

Nemean Odes

Bury, J. B. 1890. The Nemean Odes of Pindar. London.

Gerber, D. E. 1999. “Pindar, Nemean Six.” HSCPh 99: 33–91.

Lloyd-Jones, H. 1973. “Modern Interpretation of Pindar: The Second Pythian and Seventh Nemean Ode.” JHS 93:109–137.

Most, G. W. 1985. Measures of Praise: Structure and Function in Pindar’s Second Pythian and Seventh Nemean Odes. Göttingen.

Bibliography: Lucan

Ahl, F. 1976. Lucan: An Introduction. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Asso, Paolo 2009. “The Intrusive Trope —Apostrophe in Lucan.” MDATC 61: 161–173.

— — ed. 2011. Brill’s Companion to Lucan. Leiden.

Augoustakis, Antony 2006. “Cutting Down the Grove in Lucan, Valerius Maximus, and Dio Cassius.” CQ 56: 634–638.

Bartsch, Shadi 1997. Ideology in Cold Blood: A Reading of Lucan’s Civil War. Harvard University Press.

Basore, J. W. 1904. “Direct Speech in Lucan as an Element of Technique.” TAPA 35: xciv-xcvi.

Behr, Francesca D’Alessandro 2007. Feeling History: Lucan, Stoicism, and the Poetrics of Passion. Ohio State University Press.

Braund, S. M. 2009. A Lucan Reader: Selections from Civil War. Mundelein, IL.

Buckley, E. & M. T. Dinter edd. 2013. A Companion to the Neronian Age. Wiley-Blackwell.

Chen, H. 2012. Breakthrough and Concealment: The Formulaic Dynamics of Character Behavior in Lucan. Ph. D. diss. Columbia University.

Davis, E. P. 2007. Boundary Violations: A Reflection of Pessimism in Lucan’s Bellum Civile. Ph. D. diss. University of Missouri-Columbia.

Day, Henry J. M. 2013. Lucan and the Sublime: Power, Representatio and Aesthetic Experience. Cambridge.

Dinter, Martin T. 2013. Anatomizing Civil War: Studies in Lucan’s Epic Technique. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Erskine, M. E. 2002. Lucan’s de Bello Civili and the Offensio Neronis. Ph.D. diss. The Johns Hopkins University.

Faber, R. A. 2005. “The Adaption of Apostrophe in Lucan’s Bellum Civile.” SLLRH 12: 334–343.

Fantham, E. 1992: “Lucan’s Medusa-Excursus: Its Design and Purpose.” MDATC 29: 95–119.

Fratantuono, Lee 2012. Madness Triumphant: A Reading of Lucan’s Pharsalia. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Glauthier, P. 2011. Science and Poetry in Imperial Rome: Manilius, Lucan, and the Aetna. Ph.D. diss. Columbia University.

Hershkowitz, Debra 1998. The Madness of Epic: Reading Insanity from Homer to Statius. Clarendon Press.

  • See especially chapter 5 for a treatment of Lucan’s use of madness.

Hömke, N. & C. Reitz. 2010. Lucan’s Bellum Civile: Between Epic Tradition and Aesthetic Innovation. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter.

Johnson, W. R. 1987. Momentary Monsters: Lucan and His Heroes. Ithaca, NY.

Keefe, D. B. 2000. Defining Ambiguity: A Study of Lucan’s Poetics. Ph.D. diss. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Lapidge, Michael. 1979. “Lucan’s Imagery of Cosmic Dissolution.” Hermes 107: 344–370.

Leigh, Matthew 1997. Lucan: Spectacle and Engagement. Clarendon Press.

— — 2000. “Lucan and the Libyan Tale.” JRS 90: 95–109.

Lowe, D. 2010. :Med

Martindale, Charles 1993. Redeeming the Text: Latin Poetry and the Hermeneutics of Reception. Cambridge.

Masters, Jamie 1992. Poetry and Civil War in Lucan’s Bellum Civile. Cambridge.

Matthews, Monica 2008. Caesar and the Storm: A Commentary on Lucan De Bello Civili, Book 5 lines 476–721. Peter Lang.

Morford, Mark P. O. 1967. The Poet Lucan: Studies in Rhetorical Epic. Blackwell.

Narducci, E. 1979. La Provvidenza Crudele. Lucano E La Distruzione Dei Miti Augustei. Pisa.

Nix, S. A. 2008. “Caesar as Jupiter in Lucan’s Bellum Civile.” CJ 103: 281–294.

Paleit, Edward 2013. War, Liberty, and Caesar: Responses to Lucan’s Bellum Ciuile, ca. 1580–1650. Oxford.

Phillips, O. C., Jr. 1962. The Influence of Ovid on Lucan’s Bellum Civile. Ph.D. diss. The University of Chicago.

Raschle, Christian. 2001. Pestes Harenae: Die Schlangenepisode in Lucans Pharsalia (IX 587–949). Peter Lang.

Saylor, C. 1999. “Lucan and Models of the Introduction.” Mnemosyne 52: 545–553.

Sebastian, B. 2013. Apostrophe to the gods in Ovid’s Metamorphoses, Lucan’s  Pharsalia, and Statius’ Thebaid. Ph.D. diss. University of Florida.

Sklenář, R., 2003. The Taste for Nothingness : A Study of Virtus and Related Themes in Lucan’s Bellum Civile. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Steele, R. B. 1924. “Lucan’s PharsaliaAJPh 45: 301–328.

Thomas, J. E. 2008. Staging Empire: The Manipulation of Place and Time in Lucan’s Bellum Civile. Ph.D. diss. Brown University.

Thorne, Mark Allen 2010. Lucan’s Cato, the Defeat of Victory, the Triumph of Memory. Ph.D. diss. The University of Iowa.

Thorne, M. A. 1997: ‘Cato and the Snakes in Lucan: Whose aristeia is it anyways? (Pharsalia 9.700-889)’.

Tracy 2009: ‘Science, Egypt, and Escapism in Lucan’, Ph.D., Toronto.

Tracy, J. 2010: ‘« Fallentia sidera » : the failure of astronomical escapism in Lucan’, American Journal of Philology 131, 635–661.

— — 2014. Lucan’s Egyptian Civil War. Cambridge.

Walters, B. 2013. “Reading Death and the Senses in Lucretius and Lucan,” in Butler & Purves edd. 2013: pp–pp.

  • S. Butler & A. C. Purves edd. 2013. Synaesthesia and the Ancient Senses. Durham, UK.

Watkins, S. 2012. Lucan “Transforms” Ovid: Intertextual Studies in the Bellum Civile and the Metamorphoses. Ph.D. diss. University of Florida.

Weiner, J. 2011. Mutable Monuments and Atomistic Poetry in Lucan’s Bellum Civile. Ph.D. diss. University of California, Irvine.

Wheeler, S. 2002. “Lucan’s Reception of Ovid’s Metamorphoses.” Arethusa 35: 361–380.

Zyroff, E. S. 1971. The Author’s Apostrophe in Epic from Homer Through Lucan. Ph.D. diss. The Johns Hopkins University.

Bibliography: Corinna

Ahrens, H. L. 1839. “Conjecturen zu Alcaeus, Sappho, Corinna, Alcman. an Professor Schneidewin.” RhM 6: 226–239.

Allen, A. & J. Frel 1972. “A Date for Corinna.” CJ 68: 26–30.

Balmer, J. 1996. Classical Women Poets. Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Berman, D. W. 2010. “The Landscape and Language of Korinna,” GRBS 50: 41–62.

—— 2015. Myth, Literature, and the Creation of the Topography of Thebes. Cambridge.

Bernadini, P. A. 1984. “L’infinito dei verbi tematici in Corinna.” QUCC 17: 103–108.

Bolling, G. M. 1956. “Notes on Corinna.” AJPh 77: 282–287.

Bowra, C. M. 1938. “The Daughters of Asopus.” Hermes 73: 213–221.

—— 1953. Problems in Greek Poetry. Oxford.

See especially pp. 54–65.

Burzacchini, G. 1978–1979. “Corinn. fr. 20 P.” MCr 13–14: 147–148.

—— 1991. “Corinniana.” Eikosmos 2: 39–90.

—— 1992. “Corinna in Roma.” Eikosmos 3: 47–65.

Calame, C. 1999. The Poetics of Eros in Ancient Greece. Princeton.

Campbell, D. A. Greek Lyrics IV: Bacchylides, Corinna, and Others. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, MA.

Cavallini, E. 1980. Poetesse Greche e Romane. Venezia.

Clayman, D. L. 1978. “The Meaning of Corinna’s ϝεροῖα.” CQ 28: 396–397.

—— 1993. “Corinna and Pindar,” in Rosen & Farrell edd. 1993: 633–642.

Rosen, R. M. & J. Farrell 1993. Nomodeiktes: Greek Studies in Honor of Martin Ostwald. Ann Arbor.

Collins, D. B. 2006. “Corinna and Mythological Innovation.” CQ 56: 19–32.

Davies, M. 1988. “Corinna’s Date Revisited.” SIFC 81: 186–194.

D’Alessio, G. B. 2009. “Language and Pragmatics,” in Budelmann ed. 2009: 114–129.

Budelmann, F. ed. 2009. The Cambridge Companion to Greek Lyric. Cambridge.

Ebert, J. 1978. “Zu Korinnas Gedicht vom Wettstreit zwischen Helikon und Kithairon.” ZPE 30: 5–12.

Gentili, B. & L. Lomiento 2001. “Corinna, Le Asopidi (PMG 654 col. III. 12–51).” QUCC 68: 7–20.

Gerber, D. E. 1996. “Greek Lyric Poetry since 1920. Part II: From Alcman to Fragmenta Adespota.” Lustrum 36: 7–188.

—— 1997. A Companion to the Greek Lyric Poets. Leiden.

Guillon, P. 1958. “Corinne et les oracles béotiens : La consultation d’Asopos.” BCH 82: 47–60.

—— 1959. “À propos de Corinne.” AFLA 33: 155–168.

Hanson, O. 1989. “The Meaning of Corinna’s ϝεροῖα Reconsidered.” Glotta 102: 70–71.

Harvey, A. E. 1955. “A Note on the Berlin Papyrus of Corinna.” CQ 5: 176–180.

Henderson, W. J. 1995. “Corinna of Tanagra on Poetry.” AClass 38: 29–41.

Ingalls, Wayne B. 2000. “Ritual Performance as Training for Daughters in Archaic Greece.” Phoenix 54.1: 1–20.

Itsumi, Kiichiro 1982. “The ‘Choriambic Dimeter’ of Euripides.” CQ 32.1: 59–74.

Kanavou, N. 2010. “Korinna fr. 654 PMG and Modern Greek Folk-Song.” Archaiognosia 15: 41–54.

Kirkwood, G. M. 1974. Early Greek Monody. Ithaca.

See especially pp. 185–193,

Kousoulini, Vasiliki. 2016. “Panhellenic and Epichoric Elements in Corinna’s Catalogues.” GRBS 56.1: 82–110.

Kühr, A. 2006. Als Kadmos nach Boiotien kam: Polis und Ethnos im Spiegel thebanischer Gründungsmythen. Stuttgart.

Lamour, D. H. J. 2005. “Corinna’s Poetic Metis and the Epinikian Tradition,” in Greene ed. 2005: 25–58.

Greene, E. ed. 2005. Women Poets in Ancient Greece and Rome. Norman, OK.

Larson, J. 2002. “Corinna and the Daughters of Asopus.” SyllClass 13: 47–62.

Larson, S. L. 2007. Tales of Epic Ancestry: Boiotian Collective Identity in the Late Archaic and Early Classical Periods. Stuttgart.

Latte, K. 1956. “Die Lebenszeit der Korinna.” Eranos 54: 57–67.

Lehnus, L. 1977. “Scopelino ‘Padre’ di Pindaro.” RIL 111: 78–82.

Lobel, E. 1930. “Corinna.” Hermes 65: 356–365.

Maas, P. 1922. “Korinna.” RE 21: 1393–1397.

Page, D. L. 1963. Corinna. London.

Palumbo Stracca, B. 1993. “Corinna e il suo pubblico,” in Pretagostini ed. 1993: 403–412.

Pretagostini R. ed. 1993. Tradizione e innovazione nella cultura greca da Omero all’ età ellenistica: Scritti in onore di Bruno Gentili. Rome.

Paton, W. R. 1914. “Corinna.” CR 28.7: 229–230.

Rayor, D. J. 1993. “Korinna: Gender and the Narrative Tradition.” Arethusa 26: 219–231.

Segal, C. 1975. “Pebbles in Golden Urns: The Date and Style of Corinna.” Eranos 73: 1–7.

—— 1998. Aglaia. The Poetry of Alcman, Sappho, Pindar, Bacchylides and Corinna. New York.

Schacter, A. 1995. “The Prophet of Korinna, fr. 654 PMG: Glaukos Pontios?” in Επαιτηρίας της Εταιρείας Βοιωτικών Μελετών 2. Athens.

—— 2005. “The Singing Contest of Kithairon and Helikon: Korinna, fr. 654 PMG col. i and ii.I–II,” in Kolde et al. edd. 2005: 275–283.

Kolde, A. A. Lukinovich, & A.-L. Rey edd. 2005. Κορυφαίῳ ἀνδρί: mélanges offerts à André Hurst. Geneva.

Schmid, P. B. 1947. Studien zu griechischen Ktisissagen. Freiburg.

Segal, C. 1998. Aglaia: The Poetry of Alcman, Sappho, Pindar, Bacchylides, and Corinna. Lanham, MD.

Skinner, M. B. 1983. “Corinna of Tanagra and Her Audience.” TSWL 2: 9–20.

Snyder, J. M. 1984. “Korinna’s ‘Glorious Songs of Heroes’.” Eranos 82: 125–134.

Stamatopoulou, Z. 2008. “Βοιωτὸς ἀνὴρ τάδ᾽ ἐφώνησεν: The Reception of Hesiod in Epinician Poetry.” Ph.D. diss. University of Virginia.

Stehle, E. 1997. Performance and Gender in Ancient Greece: Nondramatic Poetry in its Setting. Princeton.

Stewart, A. 1998. “Nuggets: Mining the Texts Again.” AJA 102: 271–282.

Vergados, A. “Corinna’s Poetic Mountains: PMG 654 col. 1–34 and Hesiodic Reception.” CPh 107: 101–118.

Vivante, P. 1979. “Korinna’s Singing Mountains.” Teiresias Suppl. 2: 83–86.

Weiler, I. 1974. Der Agon im Mythos. Darmstadt.

See especially pp. 80–89.

West, M. L. 1970. “Corinna.” CQ 20: 277–287.

—— 1990. “Dating Corinna.” CQ 40: 553–557.

—— 1996. “The Berlin Corinna.” ZPE 113: 22–23.

Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, U. von 1900. Die Textgeschichte der griechischen Lyriker. Berlin.

See especially pp. 20–23.

—— 1907. Berliner Klassikertexte. Berlin.

Bibliography: Harmodius & Aristogeiton

Azoulay, V. 2014. Les Tyrannicides d’Athènes: vie et mort de deux statues. Paris.

Barceló, P. 1990. “Thukydides und die Tyrannis.” Historia 39: 401–425.

Beazley, J. D. 1948. “The Death of Hipparchos.” JHS 68: 26–28.

Boedeker, D. 1998. “Presenting the Past in Fifth-Century Athens,” in Boedeker & Raaflaub edd. 1998: XX–YY.

Boedeker D. & K. Raaflaub edd. 1998. Democracy, Empire and the Arts in Fifth-Century Athens. Cambridge, MA.

Brunnsåker, S. 1955. The Tyrant Slayers of Kritios and Nesiotes. Lund.


Corssen, P. 1896. “Das Verhältniss der aristotelischen zu der thukydideischen Darstellung des Tyrannemordes.” RMPh 51: 226–239

Curtius, E. 1880. “Harmodios und Aristogeiton.” Hermes 15: 147–153.

Ehrenburg, V. 1950. “The Origins of Democracy.” Historia 1: 515–548.

—— 1956. “Das Harmodioslied.” WS 69: 57–69.

Fehr, B. 1984. Die Tyrannentöter, oder: Kann man der Demokratie ein Denkmal setzen? Frankfurt.

Translated as The AS

See pp. 54–68 for a discussion of the Tyrannicides statue groups.

Fitzgerald, T. R. 1957. “The Murder of Hipparchus: A Reply.” Historia 6: 275–286.

Fornara, C. W. 1968a. “Hellanicus and an Alcmaeonid Tradition,” Historia 17: 381–383.

—— 1968b. “The “Tradition” about the Murder of Hipparchus.” Historia 17: 400–424.

——1970. The Cult of Harmodius and Aristogeiton.” Philologus 114: 155–180.

Forrest, W. G. G. 1969. “The Tradition of Hippias’ Expulsion from Athens,” GRBS 10: 277–286.

—— 1995. “Aristophanes, Lysistrata 231.” CQ 45: 240–241.

Forrest makes the case that the connection between Leaena, the hetaira of either Harmodius or Aristogeiton as reported by Cicero at the earliest, and the slaying of Hipparchus goes at least as far back to Aristophanes, giving it considerable antiquity.

Grethlein, J. 2010. The Greeks and Their Past: Poetry, Oratory and History in the Fifth Century BCE. Cambridge

See especially pp. 206–220.

Hirsch, M. 1926. “Die athenischen Tyrannenmorder in Geschichtsschreibung und Volkslegende.” Klio 20: 129–67.

Hölscher, T. 1998. “Images and Political Identity: The Case of Athens,” in Boedeker & Raaflaub edd. 1998: 153–183.

Hunter, V. 1974. “Athens Tyrannis: A New Approach to Thucydide.” CJ 69: 120–126.

Jacoby, F. 1949. Atthis: The Local Chronicles of Ancient Athens. Oxford.

Jongkees, J. H. 1947. “Notes on the Coinage of Athens.” Mnemosyne 13: 145–160.

Kallet, L. 1998. “Accounting for Culture in Fifth-Century Athens,” in Boedeker & Raaflaub edd. 1998: XX–YY.

Kardara, C. 1951. “On Theseus and the Tyrannicides.” AJA 55: 293–300.

—— 1960. “The Tyrannicides Once More.” AJA 64: 281.


Kinzl, K. H. 1976. “Mehr zu Thukydides über die Peisistratidai.” Historia 25: 478–480.

Lang, M. 1954-1955. “The Murder of Hipparchus.” Historia 3: 395–407.

Lavelle, B. M. 1986. “The Nature of Hipparchos’ Insult to Harmodios.” AJPh 107: 318–331.

—— 1988. “Herodotos and the Tyrant-Slayers.” RMPh 131: 211–215.

Lebedev, A. 1996. “A New Epigram for Harmodios and Aristogeiton.” ZPE 112: 263–268.

Meyer, E. A. 2008. “Thucydides on Harmodius and Aristogeiton, Tyranny, and History.” CQ 58: 13–34.

Momigliano, A. 1971. “L’excursus di Tucidide in VI 54–59.” Studi di storiographia antica in memoria di Leonardo Ferrero. Turin: 31–35.

Monoson, S. S. 2000a. “The Allure of Harmodius and Aristogeiton,” in Hubbard ed. 2000: 42–51

Hubbard, T. ed. 2000. Greek Love Reconsidered. New York.

—— 2000b. Plato’s Democratic Entanglements: Athenian Politics and the Practice of Philosophy. Princeton.

Palmer, M. 1982. “Alcibiades and the Question of Tyranny in Thucydides.” CJPS/RCSP 15: 103–124.

Pearson, L. 1949. “Note on a Digression of Thucydides (VI, 54–59).” AJP 70: 186–189.

Pericola, C. M. 2008. “L’Origine del Nome Gefirei e il Movente dell’Assassinio di Ipparco.” Aevum 82: 9–23.

Petersen, E. 1880. “Harmodios und Aristogeiton Nochmals.” Hermes 15: 475–477.

Podlecki, A. J. 1966. “The Political Significance of the Athenian ‘Tyrannicide’-Cult.” Historia 15: 129–141.

Richter, G. M. A. 1928. “The Right Arm of Harmodios.” AJA 32: 1–8.

—— 1970. “An Aristogeiton from Baiae.” AJA 74: 296–297.

Shear, J. L. 2012. “The Tyrannicides, their Cult and the Panathenaia: A Note.” JHS 132: 107–119.

Shefton, B. B. 1960. “Some Iconographic Remarks on the Tyrannicides.” AJA 64: 173–179.

Stahl, J. M. 1895. “Thessalos der Sohn des Peisistratos.” RMPh 50: 382–393.

Stern, E. von 1917. “Hippias oder Hipparchos?” Hermes 52: 354–370.

Taylor, M. W. 1981. The Tyrant Slayers: The Heroic Image in Fifth Centruy BC Athenian Art and Politics. New York.

Thomas, R. 1989. Oral Tradition and Written Record in Classical Athens. Cambridge.

See especially chapter 5 “The liberation of Athens,” pp. 238–282.

Valeton, M. 1917. “De Harmodio et Aristogitone.” Mnemosyne 45: 21–52.

Van der Valk, M. 1974. “On the Composition of the Attic Skolia.” Hermes 102: 1–20

Vattuone, R. 1975. “L’excursus nel VI libro delle Storie di Tucidide.” RSA 5: 173–184.

Vlastos, G. 1953. “Isonomia.” AJPh 74: 337–366.

Wankel, H. 1984. “Thukydides 6,55,1 und ἀδιϰὶα.” ZPE 57: 43–51.

Wohl, V. 1999. “The Eros of Alcibiades.” CA 18: 349–385.

—— 2009. Love among the Ruins: The Erotics of Democracy in Classical Athens. Princeton.

Ziegler, K. 1928. “Der Ursprung der Exkurse im Thukydides.” RhM 78: 58–67.

Bibliography: Hesiod

WORK IN PROGRESS – feel free to leave a comment for entries missed. Many entries are known and just have not yet been incorporated, but all are still welcome.  – C. W.

Allen, T. W. & Rambaut, Arthur A. 1915. “The Date of Hesiod.” JHS 35: 85–99.

Arrighetti, G. ed. 1998. Esiodo: Opere. Turin.

Asquith, H. 2005. “From genealogy to Catalogue: the Hellenistic adaptation of the Hesiodic catalogue form,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 266–286.

Athanassakis, A. N. 1992a. “Cattle and Honour in Homer and Hesiod.” Ramus 21.2: 156–186.

——  1992b. “Introduction to ‘Essays on Hesiod I’.” Ramus 21.1:  1–10.

——  1992c. “Introduction to ‘Essays on Hesiod II’.” Ramus 21.2:  117–118.

Ballabriga, A. 1981. “L’équinoxe d’hiver (Hésiode, Les Travaux et les jours, vv. 493–563).” ASNP 11: 569–603.

Beall, E. F. 1991. “Hesiod’s Prometheus and Development in Myth.” Journal of the History of Ideas 52.3: 355–371.

— — 2001. “Notes on Hesiod’s Works and Days, 383–828.” AJP 122: 155–171.

— — 2004a. “The Plow That Broke the Plain Epic Tradition: Hesiod Works and Days, vv. 414–503.” CA 23: 1–31.

Abstract: This article presents a detailed study of an early section of the actual works and days of Hesiod’s Works and Days. The treatment consistently eschews obsolete assumptions about this poem, in particular that it reduces to a didactic presentation to the early Greek farmer. A key principle of the method followed is to pay closer attention to the text’s relation to epic forms than has been typical among the poem’s commentators. The result is to find that a certain literary figure gradually develops in the section discussed. Namely, the plowing nominally covered there stands for the section’s portion on the human condition, a condition implicitly compared with that associated with traditional epic. The figure evokes a well-rounded person, aware of the divine and of the world’s uncertainties, with a long-term sense of purpose involving good organization of one’s life, as opposed to someone engaged in helter-skelter pursuit of transitory activities, perhaps war specifically. With this identification of virtual protagonist established by the end of the section, the ground is prepared for any further development of the figure as that entity’s undertakings or adventures in the remainder of the poem.

— — 2004b. “Overtures of the Peasant’s Poets, and Later Arias: Voices Creatures in Hesiod and Others.” CML 24: 95–120.

— — 2005. “An Artistic and Optimistic Passage in Hesiod: Works and Days 564–614.” TAPhA 135.2: 231–247.

— — 2005/2006. “Hesiod’s Treatise on Justice: Works and Days 109–380.” CJ 101.2: 161–182.

Becker, A. 1992. “Reading Poetry through a Distant Lens: Ecphrasis, Ancient Greek Rhetoricians, and the Pseudo-Hesiodic “Shield of Herakles.” AJPh 113: 5–24.

Bennett, J. W. 1931. “Spenser’s Hesiod.” AJPh 52.2: 176–181.

Bershadsky, N. 2011. “A Picnic, a Tomb, and a Crow: Hesiod’s Cult in the Works and Days.” HSCPh 106: 1–45.

Blümer, W. 2001. Interpretation archaischer Dichtung: Die mythologischen Partien der Erga Hesiods. 2 voll. Münster.

Bona Quaglia, L. 1973. Gli Erga di Esiodo. Turin.

Boys-Stones, G. R. & Haubold, J. H. edd. 2010. Plato and Hesiod. Oxford.

Burn, A. R. 1937. The World of Hesiod: A Study of the Greek Middle Ages, c. 900–700 BC. New York.

Cingano, E. 2005. “A catalogue within a catalogue: Helen’s suitors in the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women (frr. 196–204),” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 118–152.

— — 2009. “The Hesiodic Corpus,” in Montanari et al. edd. 2009: 91–130.

Clay, D. 1992. “The World of Hesiod.” Ramus 21.2: 131–155.

Clay, J. S. 2003. Hesiod’s Cosmos. Cambridge.

——  2005. “The beginning and end of the Catalogue of Women and its relation to Hesiod,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 25–34.

D’Alessio, G. B. 2005a. “The Megalai Ehoiai: a survey of the fragments,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 176–216.

——  2005b. “Ordered from the Catalogue: Pindar, Bacchylides, and Hesiodic Genealogical Poetry,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 217–238.

Debiasi, Andrea (2008). Esiodo e l’occidente (in Italian). Roma.

DuBois, Page (1992). “Eros and the Woman”. Ramus 21 (1): 97–116.

Edwards, A. T. 2004. Hesiod’s Ascra. Berkeley.

Edwards, G. P. 1971. The Language of Hesiod in Its Traditional Context. Oxford.

Erbse, H. 1996. “Homer und Hesiod in Chalkis.” RhM.

Evelyn-White, H. 1913. “Hesiodea.” CQ 7: 217–220.

Finkelberg, M. 1988. “Ajax’s Entry in the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women.” CQ 38: 31–41.

Fletcher, R. 2005. “Or such as Ovid’s Metamorphoses…” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 299–319.

Fowler, R. L. 1998. “Genealogical Thinking, Hesiod’s Catalogue, and the Creation of the Hellenes.” PCPhS 44: 1–19.

  • Gagarin, Michael (1992). “The Poetry of Justice: Hesiod and the Origins of Greek Law”. Ramus 21 (1): 61–78.

Goslin, O. 2010. “Hesiod’s Typhonomachy and the Ordering of Sound.” TAPhA 140.2: 351–373.

Graziosi, B. 2002. Inventing Homer: The Early Reception of Epic. Cambridge.

Griffin, Jasper 1986. “Greek Myth and Hesiod,” in Boardman et al. edd. 1986: 78–98.

Griffith, Mark 1983. “Personality in Hesiod.” CA 2.1: 37–65.

Güterbock, Hans Gustav 1948. “The Hittite Version of the Hurrian Kumarbi Myths: Oriental Forerunners of Hesiod.” AJA 52: 123–134.

Hardie, P. 2005. “The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women and Latin poetry,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 287–298.

Haubold, J. 2005. “Heracles in the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 85–98.

— — 2010. “Shepherd, Farmer, Poet, Sophist: Hesiod on his own Reception,” in Boys-Stones & Haubold edd. 2010: 11–30.

Hamilton, R. 1989. The Architecture of Hesiodic Poetry. Baltimore.

Heath, M. 1985. “Hesiod’s Didactic Poetry.” CQ 35: 245–263.

Heitsch, E. 1963. “Das Prometheus-Gedicht bei Hesiod.” RhM 106.1: 1–15.

Hirschberger, M. 2004. Gynaikôn Katalogos und Megalai Ehoiai. Ein Kommentar zu den Fragmenten zweier hesiodeischer Epen. BzA 198. Munich/Leipzig.

Hunter, R. L. ed. 2005. The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women: Constructions and Reconstructions. Cambridge.

——  2005. “The Hesiodic Catalogue and Hellenistic Poetry,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 239–265.

——  2014. Hesiodic Voices: Studies in the Ancient Reception of Hesiod’s Works and Days. Cambridge.

Hurst, A. & Schacter, A. edd. 1996. La Montagne des Muses. Geneva.

Irwin, E. 2005. “Gods among men? The social and political dynamics of the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 35–84.

Janko, R. 1982. Homer, Hesiod, and the Hymns: Diachronic Development in Epic Diction. Cambridge.

——  1984. “P. Oxy. 2509: Hesiod’s Catalogue on the death of Actaeon.” Phoenix 38: 299–307.

——  1986. “The Shield of Heracles and the Legend of Cycnus.” CQ 36: 38–59.

Kakridis, J. Th. 1975. “Μήστρα. Zu Hesiods frg. 43a M.-W.” ZPE 18: 17–25.

Katz, J. & K. Volk 2000. “”Mere Bellies?” A New Look at Theogony 26–28.” JHS 120: 122–131.

Kelly, A. 2007. “Αψορροου Ωκεανοιο: a Babylonian Reminiscence?” CQ 57: 280–282.

  • Kirby, J. T. (1992). “Rhetoric and Poetics in Hesiod”. Ramus 21 (1): 34–60.

Kivilo, M. 2010. Early Greek Poets’ Lives. Leiden.

Koenen, L. 1994. “Greece, the Near East, and Egypt: Cyclic Destruction in Hesiod and the Catalogue of Women.” TAPhA 124: 1–34.

Kõiv, Mait. 2011. “A Note on the Dating of Hesiod.” CQ 61.2: 355–377.

Koning, H. H. 2010. Hesiod: the Other Poet: Ancient Reception of a Cultural Icon. Leiden.

Lamberton, R. 1988a. Hesiod. New Haven.

— — 1988b. “Plutarch, Hesiod, and the Mouseia of Thespiai.” ICS 13.2: 491–504.

Lardinois, A. 1998. How the Days Fit the Works in Hesiod’s Works and Days.” AJPh 119.3: 319–336.

Leclerc, M.-C. 1993. La parole chez Hésiode: À la recherche d’harmonie perdue. Paris.

Lerza, P. 1983. “Ps.Esiodo, fr. 204, 124–30 M.-W.: formularità e non.” Synkrisis 2: 117–120.

Martin, R. P. 1984. “Hesiod, Odysseus, and the Instruction of Princes.” TAPhA 114: 29–48.

— — 1992. “Hesiod’s metanastic poetics.” Ramus 21.1: 11–33.

——  2005. “Pulp epic: the Catalogue and the Shield,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 153–175.

Marzillo, P. 2010. Der Kommentar des Proklos zu Hesiods Werken und Tagen. Tübingen.

McKay, K. J. 1962. “Hesiod, Op. 209–211.” Hermes 90.2: 249–251.

McLeod, G. 1991. Virtue and Venom: Catalogues of Women from Antiquity to the Renaissance. Ann Arbor.

Meliadò, C. 2003. “Un Nuovo frammento esiodeo in uno scolio a Teocrito.” ZPE 145: 1–5.

Merkelbach, R. 1957. Di Hesiodfragmente auf Papyrus. Leipzig.

——  1968a. “Das Prooemium des hesiodeischen Katalogs.” ZPE 3: 126–133.

——  1968b. “Les papyrus d’Hésiode et la géographie mythologique de la Grèce.” CE 85:  133–155.

——  1968c. “Hesiod fr. 43a 41ff. M.-W.” ZPE 3: 134–135.

——  1968d. “Zu Hesiod Fr. 23 und 30 M.-W.” ZPE 2: 210.

Merkelbach, R. & M. L. West 1967. Fragmenta Hesiodea. Oxford.

Minton, W. W. 1962. “Invocation and Catalogue in Hesiod and Homer.” TAPhA 93: 188–212.

— — 1970. “The Proem-Hymn of Hesiod’s Theogony.” TAPhA 357–377.

——  1975. “The Frequency and Structuring of Traditional Formulas in Hesiod’s Theogony.” HSCPh 79: 26–54.

Montanari, F., Rengakos, A., & Tsagalis, C. edd. 2009.  Brill’s Companion to Hesiod. Leiden.

Montanari, F. 2009. “Ancient Scholarship on Hesiod,” in Montanari et al. edd. 2009: 311–42.

Musäus, I. 2004. Der Pandoramythos bei Hesiod und seine Rezeption bis Erasmus von Rotterdam. Göttingen.

Myres, J. 1941. “Hesiod’s Shield of Herakles: Its Structure and Workmanship.” JHS 61: 17–38.

Nagler, M. 1992. “Discourse and Conflict in Hesiod. Eris and the Erides.” Ramus 1: 79–96.

Nagy, Gregory (1992). “Authorisation and Authorship in the Hesiodic Theogony”. Ramus 21 (2): 119–130.

— — 2009. “Hesiod and the Ancient Biographical Traditions,” in Montanari et al. edd. 2009: 311–342.

Nelson, Stephanie 1997. “The Justice of Zeus in Hesiod’s Fable of the Hawk and the Nightingale.” CJ 92.3: 235–247.

Notopoulos, J. 1960. “Homer, Hesiod, and the Achaean Heritage of Oral Poetry.” Hesperia 29: 177–199.

O’Bryhim, S. 1996. “A New Interpretation of Hesiod, Theogony 35.” Hermes 124: 131–139.

Osborne, R. 2005. “Ordering women in Hesiod’s Catalogue,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 5–24.

Ormand, K. 2004. “Marriage, Identity, and the Tale of Mestra in the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women.” AJPh 125: 303–338.

——  2014. The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women and Archaic Greece. Cambridge.

Pavese, C. O. 1998. “The Rhapsodic Epic Poems as Oral and Independent Poems.” HSCPh 98: 63–90.

Peabody, B. 1975. The Winged Word: A Study in the Technique of Ancient Greek Oral Composition as Seen Principally through Hesiod’s Works and Days. Albany.

Penglase, Charles 2003. Greek Myths and Mesopotamia: Parallels and Influence in the Homeric Hymns and Hesiod.

The Mesopotamian influence on Greek mythology in literary works of the epic period is considerable – yet it is a largely unexplored field. In this book Charles Penglase investigates major Mesopotamian and Greek myths. His examination concentrates on journey myths. A major breakthrough is achieved in the recognition of the extent of Mesopotamian influence and in the understanding of the colourful myths involved. The results are of significant interest, especially to scholars and students of ancient Greek and Near Eastern religion and mythology.

Porter, H. N. 1946. “Hesiod and Aratus.” TAPhA 77: 158–170.

Pucci, P. 1977. Hesiod and the Language of Poetry. Baltimore.

Reinsch-Werner, H. 1976. Callimachus Hesiodicus: Die Rezeption der hesiodischen Dichtung durch Kallimachos von Kyrene. Berlin.

Renehan, R. 1986. “A New Hesiodic Fragment.” CPh 81: 21–22.

Richardson, N. J. 1981. “The Contest of Homer and Hesiod and Alcidamas’ Mouseion.

Roisman, H. 1983. “Hesiod’s Ἄτη.” Hermes 111: 491–496.

Rosen, R. M. 1990. “Poetry and Sailing in Hesiod’s Works and Days.” CA 9: 99–113.

Rowe, C. J. 1983. ” ‘Archaic Thought’ in Hesiod.” JHS 103: 124–135.

Rutherford, I. 2000. “Formulas, Voice, and Death in Ehoie-poetry, the Hesiodic Gunaikon Katalogos, and the Odysseian Nekuia,” in Depew & Obbink edd. 2000: 81–96.

Depew, M. & D. Obbink 2000 edd. 2000. Matrices of Genre: Authors, Canons, and Society. Cambridge.

——  2005. “Mestra at Athens: Hesiod fr. 43 and the poetics of panhellenism,” in Hunter ed. 2005a: 99–117.

Sale, W. 1962. “The Story of Callisto in Hesiod.” RhM 105.2: 122–141.

Schroeder, C. M. 2009. “Zenodotus’ Text of Hesiod.” CQ 59.1: 271–274.

Schwabl, H. 1963. “Hesiod und Parmenides: Zur Formung des parmenideischen Prooimions (28 B 1).” RhM 106.2: 134–142.

Shapiro, H. A. 1984. “Herakles and Kyknos.” AJA 88: 523–529.

Solmsen, F. 1949. Hesiod and Aeschylus. Ithaca.

——  1981. “The Sacrifice of Agamemnon’s Daughter in Hesiod’s’ Ehoeae.” AJPh 102: 353–358.

——  1982. “The Earliest Stages in the History of Hesiod’s Text.” HSCPh 86: 1–31.

Steiner, D. 2007. “Feathers Flying: Avian Poetics in Hesiod, Pindar, and Callimachus.” AJPh 128: 177–208.

Stiewe, K. 1960. “Zum Hesiodpapyrus B Merkelbach.” Hermes 88: 253–256.

——  1962. ‘Die Entstehungszeit der hesiodischen Frauenkataloge i.”, Philologus 106: 291–299.

——  1963. ‘Die Entstehungszeit der hesiodischen Frauenkataloge ii.” Philologus 107: 1–29.

Stoddard, K. 2003. “The Programmatic Message of the “Kings and Singers” Passage: Hesiod, Theogony 80–103.

Abstract: In Hesiod’s Theogony, the “Kings and Singers” passage, lines 80–103, parallels the poem’s Dichterweihe, lines 22–34, in that both portray contact between the Muses and mortals on whom they bestow gifts. The gifts granted Hesiod in the Dichterweihe, a divine voice and a laurel scepter, represent the persuasive powers of ἀοιδός and βασιλεύς as described in Th. 80–103. The latter passage is thus programmatic for how Hesiod perceives his role as narrator and how he intends to use the Muses’ gifts for didaxis. The Prometheus and Hekate passages later in the poem show Hesiod’s didaxis in action.

——  2004. The Narrative Voice in the Theogony of Hesiod. Leiden.

Sullivan, S. D. 1990. “The Psychic Term Νόος in the Poetry of Hesiod.” Glotta 68: 68–85.

Tandy, D. 1997. Warriors into Traders: The Power of the Market in Early Greece. Berkeley.

Thalmann, W. G. 1984. Conventions of Form and Thought in Early Greek Epic Poetry. Baltimore.

Treu, M. 1957. “Das Proömium der hesiodischen Frauenkataloge.” RM 100: 169–186.

van Noorden, H. 2014. Playing Hesiod: The ‘Myth of the Races’ in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge.

Vernant, J.-P. 1981a. “The Myth of Prometheus in Hesiod,” in Gordon & Buxton edd. 1981: 43–56.

——  1981b. “Sacrificial and Alimentary Codes in Hesiod’s Myth of Prometheus,” in Gordon & Buxton edd. 1981: 57–80.

Gordon, R. & R. Buxton edd. 1981. Myth, Religion and Society. Cambridge.

Vian, F. 1961. “Poèmes hésiodiques et pseudo-hésiodiques.” REG 74: 269–274.

Walcot, P. 1966. Hesiod and the Near East. Cardiff.

Walker, J. 1996. “Before the Beginnings of “Poetry” and “Rhetoric”: Hesiod on Eloquence.” Rhetorica 14.3: 243–264.

Abstract: Traditional histories of rhetoric assume that the practical oratory of lawcourts and political assemblies is the “primary,” original form of rhetoric in its “preconceptual” or predisciplinary origins in archaic Greece. Hesiod’s “Hymn to the Muses,” however, presents both prince and bard as practicing an art of psychagogic suasion, and presents the prince’s discursive power as dependent on, and derived from, the paradigms of eloquence and wisdom embodied in the epideictic/poetic discourse of the bard: epideictic is the “primary” form of “rhetoric” in Hesiod’s world. Hesiod’s account agrees with what is known about the discursive practices of oral/traditional societies worldwide.

West, M. L. 1966. Hesiod. Theogony. Oxford.

——  1969. “Echoes and Imitations of the Hesiodic Poems.” Philologus 113: 1–9.

——  1978. Hesiod. Works and Days. Oxford.

——  1983. “The Hesiodic Catalogue: Xouthids and Aiolids.” ZPE 53: 27–30.

——  1985a. The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women: Its Nature, Structure, and Origins. Oxford.

——  1985b. “The Hesiodic Catalogue: New Light on Apollo’s Love-life.” ZPE 61: 1–7.

——  1986. “Further Echoes and Imitations of the Hesiodic Poems.” Philologus 130: 1–7.

——  1997. The East Face of Helicon: West Asiatic Elements in Greek Poetry and Myth. Oxford.

Wickkiser, B. L. 2010. “Hesiod and the Fabricated Woman: Poetry and Visual Art in the Theogony.” Mnemosyne 63.4: 557–576.

Yasumura, Noriko. 2011. Challenges to the Power of Zeus in Early Greek Poetry. London and New York.

Ziogas, I. 2013. Ovid and Hesiod: The Metamorphosis of the Catalogue of Women. CAmbridge.

Bibliography: Scythia and the Scythians

Alekseyev, A. Y. “Scythian Kings and ‘Royal’ Burial-Mounds of the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC,” in Braund ed. 2005: 39–55.

Ascherson, N. 1995. Black Sea. London.

Bakker, E. J., I. J. F. de Jong, & H. van Wees edd. 2002. Brill’s Companion to Herodotus. Leiden.

Boardman, J. 1991. “Early Greek Pottery on Black Sea Sites.” OJA 10: 387–390.

Braund, D. 1999. “Greeks, Scythians and Hippake, or “Reading Mares’-Cheese”,” in Tsetskhladze, G. R. ed. 1999: 521–530.

Braund, D. ed. 2005. Scythians and Greeks: Cultural Interactions in Scythia, Athens and the Early Roman Empire (sixth century BC – first century AD). Exeter.

Braund, D. & S. D. Kryzhitsky edd. 2007. Classical Olbia and the Scythian World: From the Sixth Century BC to the Second Century AD. Proceedings of the British Academy 142. Oxford

Буйских, А. В. 2005. “Некоторые полемические заметки по поводу становления и развития Борисфена и Ольвии в VI в. до н.э.” BDI 2005 no. 2: 146–165.

English: Buyskikh, A. V. 2005. “Some Polemical Notes on the Origin and Development of Boristhenes and Olbia in the Sixth Century B.C.” Journal of Ancient History 2005 no. 2: 146–165.

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Hartog, F. 1980. Le Miroir d’Hérodote. Essai sur la représentation de l’autre. Paris.

Ivantchik, A. 1999. “The Scythian ‘Rule over Asia’: The Classical Tradition and the Historical Reality,” in Tsetskhladze, G. R. ed. 1999: 497–520.

Jacobson, E. 1995. The Art of the Scythians: The Interpretation of Cultures at the Edge of the Hellenic World. Leiden.

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Kryzhitsky, S. D. 2005. “Olbia and the Scythians in the Fifth Century BC. The Scythian ‘Protectorate’,” in Braund ed. 2005: 123–130.

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Lebedynsky, I. 2001. Les Scythes. La civilisation des steppes (VIIe – IIIe siècles av. J.-C.). Paris.

Martin, R. P. 1996. “The Scythian Accent: Anacharsis and the Cynics,” in Branham & Goulet-Cazé 1996: 136–155.

Branham, R. B. & M. O. Goulet-Cazé. edd. 1996. The Cynics: The Cynic Movement in Antiquity and Its Legacy. Berkeley/Los Angeles.

Meyer, C. 2013. Greco-Scythian Art and the Birth of Eurasia: From Classical Antiquity to Russian Modernity. Oxford.

Minns, E. H. 1913. Scythians and Greeks: A Survey of Ancient History and Archaeology on the North Coast of the Euxine from the Danube to the Caucasus. Cambridge.

Murzin, V. Y. 2005. “Key Points in Scythian History,” in Braund ed. 2005: 33–38.

Petropoulos, E. K. 2005. Hellenic Colonization in Euxeinos Pontos: Penetration, Early Establishment, and the Problem of the “Emporion” Revisited. Oxford.

Rusyayeva, A. S. 2007. “Religious Interaction between Olbia and Scythia” in Braund and Kryzhitskiy edd. 2007: 93-102.

Schiltz, V. 1994. Les Scythes et les nomades des steppes. VIIIe siècle avant J.-C. – Ier siècle après J.-C. Paris.

Tsetskhladze, G. R. ed. 1999. Ancient Greeks West and East. Leiden.

Ustinova, Yulia 2005. “Snake-Limbed and Tendril-Limbed Goddesses in the Art and Mythology of the Mediterranean and Black Sea,” in Braund ed. 2005: 64–79.

West, S. 1988. The Scythian Ultimatum (Herodotus iv 131, 132). JHS 108: 207–211.

__________ 2007. “Herodotus and Olbia,” in Braund & Kryzhitsky edd. 2007: 79–92.

Zubar, V. M. 2005. “The Crimean Campaign of Tiberius Plautius Silvanus,” in Braund ed. 2005: 176-180.

Bibliography: Cybele and Attis

Cybele  [Kubaba, Magna Mater, Mother of the Gods, Μήτηρ Θεῶν, Μεγάλη Μήτηρ] and Attis [Ἄττις, Ἄττης]

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Albright, W. F. 1929. “The Anatolian Goddess Kubaba,” AOF 5: 229–231.

Alexandrescu Vianu, M. 1980. “Sur la diffusion du culte de Cybèle dans le bassin de la Mer Noire á l’époque archaïque.” Dacia 24: 261–265.

Beard, M. 1994. “The Roman and the Foreign: The Cult of the ‘Great Mother” in Imperial Rome,” in Thomas & Humphrey edd. 1994: 164–190.

Thomas, N. & C. Humphrey edd. 1994. Shamanism, History, and the State. Ann Arbor.

Benario, H. W. 1973. “Lucretius 2. 615.” CPh 68: 127–128.

Bengisu, R. L. 1996. “Lydian Mount Karios,” in Lane ed. 1996: 1–36.

Berndt-Ersöz, S. 1998. “Phrygian Rock-cut Cult Facades: A Study in the Function of the So-called Shaft Monuments.” AS 48: 87–112.

—— 2006. Phrygian Rock-cut Shrines and Other Religious Monuments: A Study of Structure, Function and Cult Practice. Stockholm.

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—— 1996. La mère des dieux: De Cybèle à la Vierge Marie. Paris.

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Brixhe, C. 1979. “Le Nom de Cybèle.” Die Sprache 25: 40–45.

Burkert, W. 1987. Ancient Mystery Cults. Cambridge, MA.

Collins, B. J., M. Bachvarova, & I. Rutherford edd. 2008. Anatolian Interfaces: Hittites, Greeks and Their Neighbors. Proceedings of an International Conference on Cross-Cultural Interaction. Oxford.

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Cumont, F. 1917. “A propos de Cybèle.” RA 6: 418–425.

Diakonoff, I. M. 1977. “On Cybele and Attis in Phrygia and Lydia,” AAntHung 25: 333–340.

Duthoy, R. 1969. The Taurobolium: Its Evolution and Terminology. Leiden.

Elliott, S. M. 1999. “Choose Your Mother, Choose Your Master: Galatians 4:21–5:1 in the Shadow of the Anatolian Mother of the Gods.” JBL 118: 661–683.

Fear, A. T. 1996. “Cybele and Christ,” in Lane ed. 1996: 37–50.

Fishwick, D. 1966. “The Cannophori and the March Festival of Magna Mater,” TAPhA 97: 193–202.

Gasparro, G. S. 1996. “Per la Storia del Culto di Cibele in Occidente: Il Santuario Rupestre di Akrai,” in Lane ed. 1996: 51–86.

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Harmatta, J. ed. 1984. Proceedings of the VIIth Congress of the International Federation of the Societies of Classical Studies. Budapest.

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Green, T. 1996. “The Presence of the Goddess in Harran,” in Lane ed. 1996: 87–100.

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Lane, E. N. ed. 1996a. Cybele, Attis, and Related Cults: Essays in Memory of M. J. Vermaseren. Leiden.

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Roller, L. E. 1988. “Phrygian Myth and Cult.” Source 7: 43–50.

—— 1991. “The Great Mother at Gordion: The Hellenization of an Anatolian Cult.” JHS 111: 128–143.

—— 1994. Attis on Greek Votive Monuments: Greek God or Phrygian?” Hesperia 63: 245–262.

—— 1996. “Reflections of the Mother of Gods in Attic Tragedy,” in Lane ed. 1996: 305–

—— 1999. In Search of God the Mother: The Cult of Anatolian Cybele. Berkeley.

—— 2002. “The Phrygian Mother Goddess and Her Thracian Connections,” in Fol ed. 2002: 683–694.

Fol, A. L. ed. Thrace and the Aegean. Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Thracology. Sofia.

—— 2003. “The Mother Goddess Between Thrace and Phrygia.” Thrace 15: 161–167.

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Ubiña, J. F. 1996. “Magna Mater, Cybele, and Attis in Roman Spain,” in Lane ed. 1996: 405–433.

Vassileva, M. 2001. “Further Considerations on the Cult of Kybele,” AS 51: 51–63.

Vermaseren, M. J. 1977. Cybele and Attis. London.

—— 1982. Corpus Cultus Cybelae Attidisque. 2. Graecia atque Insulae. Leiden.

—— 1987. Corpus Cultus Cybelae Attidisque. 1. Asia Minor. Leiden.

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Bibliography: Nomos and Physis

Berns, G. 1973. “Nomos and Physis (An Interpretation of Euripides’ Hippolytos).” Hermes 101: 165-187.

Cohen, G. A. 2013. Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy. J. Wolff ed. Princeton.

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Gigante, M. 1956. Nomos Basileus. Naples.

Grote, D. 1994. “Callicles’ Use of Pindar’s Νόμοϛ βασιλεύϛ: Gorgias 484B.” CJ 90: 21–31.

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Johann, H.-Th. 1973. “Hippias von Elis und der Physis-Nomos-Gedanke.” Phronesis 18.1: 15-25.

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Moulton, C. 1972. “Antiphon the Sophist, on Truth.” TAPhA 103: 329-366.

Ostwald, M. 1965. “Pindar, Nomos, and Heracles: (Pindar, frg. 169 [Snell2]+POxy. No. 2450, frg. I): Dedicated to Harry Caplan.” HSPh 69: 109–138.

—— 1969. Nomos and the Beginnings of the Athenian Democracy. Oxford.

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Taylor, C.C.W. 2007. “Nomos and Phusis in Democritus and Plato.” Social Philosophy and Policy 24: 1–20.

Thomas, R. 2002. Herodotus in Context: Ethnography, Science and the Art of Persuasion. Cambridge.

—— 2006. “Intellectual Milieu of Herodotus,” in Dewald & Marincola edd. 2006: 60–75.

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Weimer, C. 2011. “Building Barbarian Belief: Religion, Nomos, and Tolerance in Herodotus’ Histories.” Master’s thesis. San Francisco State University.

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