Ephorus

Epitome

Pliny the Elder

Life Gaius Plinius Secundus, in English Pliny the Elder, was an ancient scientist, natural philosopher, and military commander, as well as was the uncle of Pliny the Younger. He was born in either 23 or 22 CE at Como in Gallia Transpadana…

Quintus Cicero

Quintus Tullius Cicero was the younger brother of the more prominent Marcus Tullius Cicero. Life Quintus Cicero was born in 100 BCE, and thus was likely the same age as Julius Caesar, for whom he served as a legate during the Gallic Wars.…

Hirtius

Life Aulus Hirtius, personal legate to Julius Caesar, was born circa 90 BCE, and died in 43 BCE at the Seige of Mutina. Aulus Hirtius served with Caesar in Gaul, and was an envoy to Pompey during the Civil War.…

Statius

Life The life of Publius Papinius Statius primarily comes from his own works. He tells us he was born at Naples, which he describes as a “meeting-place of Greek and Roman culture”. His father was a well-regarded teacher who taught those preparing to…

Valerius Maximus

Life The only information we have for Valerius Maximus comes from his own writings. Therein he portrayed himself as a modest client of Sextus Pompeius (cousin to Pompey the Great and not to be confused with Pompey’s son), with whom he went…

Livius Andronicus

Often considered the “father of Latin literature,” Livius Andronicus is the earliest Latin writer whose identity is assured, and also was the earliest extant non-Roman writer in Latin poetry, as well as the first to compose using Greek models. Life…

Valerius Flaccus

Life There is almost no biographical information on Valerius Flaccus. The manuscripts list his name as Gaius Valerius Flaccus Balbus Setinus. There’s one reference from Quintilian (Inst. Orat. 10.1.190) that implies his death was in or shortly before 92 CE. Works…

Naevius

Life Gnaeus Naevius was born a Roman citizen in either Rome or Campania. His year of birth is unknown, but it was likely around 270 BCE, since he was old enough to fight in the First Punic War. A prolific writer,…

Phaedrus

Life Phaedrus was said to be a Thracian slave who flourished in the first half of the first century CE. His exact dates of birth and death are unknown, but by 31 CE, when the third book of his Fabellae…

Seneca the Younger

Lucius Annaeus Seneca, often called Seneca the Younger (Seneca Minor) or Seneca Philosophus (“Seneca the Philosopher”) to distinguish him from his father (Seneca the Elder), was an eminent philosopher in Neronian Rome. Life Seneca was born in Corduba, Hispania (mod.…