Ephorus

Epitome

Astronomica

The Astronomica is a Latin didactic poem on astrology and written in five books. It was published in the early first century CE. Authorship Its author is unknown, but the name Marcus Manilius was attached to it as early as the…

Marcus Tullius Cicero

Marcus Tullius Cicero was Rome’s preeminent statesman and master of Latin prose. No other Roman has made a larger contribution to ancient Rome but to the Western literary tradition, and it is not coincidental that his floruit marks the beginning of the…

Albius Tibullus

Life Albius Tibullus entered the Roman literary scene under the patronage of Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus. He, like Horace and Vergil (Publish Vergilius Maro), had his lands confiscated by Augustus, though he did end up somewhat well off under Messalla’s…

Propertius

Life Sextus Propertius was one of the four great Roman elegists in the Augustan age, the other three including Gallus, Tibullus, and Ovid. He was born no later than in the early 40’s BCE to an equestrian family in Umbria,…

Ovid

Life Publius Ovidius Naso, known in English as Ovid, was an eminent Latin poet, especially regarded by both ancient and modern critics alike for his many elegies on love and for his great mythological epic the Metamorphoses. He was born…

Ennius

Life Quintus Ennius was born in 239 BCE at Rudiae (now Rugge) in Calabria (now Apulia). Growing up in a region heavily mixed with both Greek and Italian cultures, Ennius could speak Greek, Latin, and even Oscan, for which he…

Cato the Elder

Life Marcus Porcius Cato, born in 234 BCE, was a prominent Roman politician during the Punic Wars, and is often referred to as Censorinus (the Censor) or Maior (the elder), a later convention which distinguishes him from his grandson Marcus…

Lucan

Life Marcus Annaeus Lucanus was born in Corduba (Cordova), Hispania into the very prominent Annaei family, which included his uncle, Seneca the Younger, and grandfather, Seneca the Elder. His birth was recorded as being Nov. 3, 39 CE. He was said to have studied rhetoric at…

Julius Caesar

Life Gaius Iulius Caesar, future dictator of Rome, conqueror of Gaul, and arguably the last ruler of the Republic, was born into an aristocratic family the Iulii at Rome on the 13th of July, 100 BCE. His childhood saw the…