Ephorus

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Curtius Rufus

Life No ancient author mentions a Quintus Curtius Rufus who wrote a history of Alexander the Great, but the manuscripts of Historiae Alexandri Magni name him as the author. Most scholars today, though, think that the Roman politician Curtius Rufus mentioned by Tacitus…

Plautus

Life Titus Maccius Plautus was born in Umbria before 250 BCE. He supposedly emigrated to Rome to start up a shipping business and write plays on the side to earn extra income. The business failed, but his plays made him famous. Nothing…

Pliny the Younger

Life Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus, known in English as Pliny the Younger or Minor to distinguish him from Pliny the Elder, his uncle and adoptive parent after his father passed away. Pliny was actually born C. Caecilius Secundus at Como in 61/62 CE;…

Seneca the Elder

Life Annaeus Seneca, often called Maior (“the Elder”) to differentiate him from his more popular son Seneca the Younger, was born in Corduba, Hispania (mod. Cordova, Spain) in the middle of the first century BCE. Little of his life is known.…

Quintilian

Life Marcus Fabius Quintilianus (in English mostly as Quintilian, but also incorrectly spelled Quintillian or Quinctilian) was born around 35 CE at Calagurris in Hispania (now Calahorra, Spain). His works preserve a form of the ancient canons which allow us…